Towards clinical implementation of ultrafast combined kV-MV CBCT for IGRT of lung cancer: Evaluation of registration accuracy based on phantom study

TitleTowards clinical implementation of ultrafast combined kV-MV CBCT for IGRT of lung cancer: Evaluation of registration accuracy based on phantom study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsArns, A, Blessing, M, Fleckenstein, J, Stsepankou, D, Boda-Heggemann, J, Simeonova-Chergou, A, Hesser, J, Lohr, F, Wenz, F, Wertz, H
JournalStrahlentherapie und Onkologie
Volume192
ISSN1439099X 01797158
KeywordsImage-guided radio, [Cone-beam computed tomography
Abstract

© 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.Purpose: Combined kV-MV cone-beam CT (CBCT) is a promising approach to accelerate imaging for patients with lung tumors treated with deep inspiration breath-hold. During a single breath-hold (15 s), a 3D kV-MV CBCT can be acquired, thus minimizing motion artifacts and increasing patient comfort. Prior to clinical implementation, positioning accuracy was evaluated and compared to clinically established imaging techniques. Methods and materials: An inhomogeneous thorax phantom with four tumor-mimicking inlays was imaged in 10 predefined positions and registered to a planning CT. Novel kV-MV CBCT imaging (90° arc) was compared to clinically established kV-chest CBCT (360°) as well as nonclinical kV-CBCT and low-dose MV-CBCT (each 180°). Manual registration, automatic registration provided by the manufacturer and an additional in-house developed manufacturer-independent framework based on the MATLAB registration toolkit were applied. Results: Systematic setup error was reduced to 0.05 mm by high-precision phantom positioning with optical tracking. Stochastic mean displacement errors were 0.5 ± 0.3 mm in right–left, 0.4 ± 0.4 mm in anteroposterior and 0.0 ± 0.4 mm in craniocaudal directions for kV-MV CBCT with manual registration (maximum errors of no more than 1.4 mm). Clinical kV-chest CBCT resulted in mean errors of 0.2 mm (other modalities: 0.4–0.8 mm). Similar results were achieved with both automatic registration methods. Conclusion: The comparison study of repositioning accuracy between novel kV-MV CBCT and clinically established volume imaging demonstrated that registration accuracy is maintained below 1 mm. Since imaging time is reduced to one breath-hold, kV-MV CBCT is ideal for image guidance, e.g., in lung stereotactic ablative radiotherapy.

DOI10.1007/s00066-016-0947-2
Citation KeyArns2016