Phantom-based evaluation of dose exposure of ultrafast combined kV-MV-CBCT towards clinical implementation for IGRT of lung cancer

TitlePhantom-based evaluation of dose exposure of ultrafast combined kV-MV-CBCT towards clinical implementation for IGRT of lung cancer
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsArns, A, Blessing, M, Fleckenstein, J, Stsepankou, D, Boda-Heggemann, J, Hesser, J, Lohr, F, Wenz, F, Wertz, H
Secondary AuthorsZhang, Q
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume12
Paginatione0187710
Date Publishednov
ISSN1932-6203
Abstract

PURPOSE Combined ultrafast 90°+90° kV-MV-CBCT within single breath-hold of 15s has high clinical potential for accelerating imaging for lung cancer patients treated with deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH). For clinical feasibility of kV-MV-CBCT, dose exposure has to be small compared to prescribed dose. In this study, kV-MV dose output is evaluated and compared to clinically-established kV-CBCT. METHODS Accurate dose calibration was performed for kV and MV energy; beam quality was determined. For direct comparison of MV and kV dose output, relative biological effectiveness (RBE) was considered. CT dose index (CTDI) was determined and measurements in various representative locations of an inhomogeneous thorax phantom were performed to simulate the patient situation. RESULTS A measured dose of 20.5mGE (Gray-equivalent) in the target region was comparable to kV-CBCT (31.2mGy for widely-used, and 9.1mGy for latest available preset), whereas kV-MV spared healthy tissue and reduced dose to 6.6mGE (30{%}) due to asymmetric dose distribution. The measured weighted CTDI of 12mGE for kV-MV lay in between both clinical presets. CONCLUSIONS Dosimetric properties were in agreement with established imaging techniques, whereas exposure to healthy tissue was reduced. By reducing the imaging time to a single breath-hold of 15s, ultrafast combined kV-MV CBCT shortens patient time at the treatment couch and thus improves patient comfort. It is therefore usable for imaging of hypofractionated lung DIBH patients.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29125857 http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=PMC5681289 http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187710
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0187710
Citation KeyArns2017